Incoming college freshmen may feel overwhelmed when faced with declaring a major or minor fields of study. Many colleges allow students to declare or choose their major after taking their initial core classes. While a college diploma first designates the overall course of study like Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, the diploma and transcript also show a concentration(s) in a focused area, or a major. A minor is a less intensive course of study that is secondary to the major designation.
A bachelor’s degree typically requires approximately 120 credit hours of course work, with an average semester course load of 15 credit hours spread over four years. A major is the main declared field of study during the degree coursework. For example, you might choose to focus on mathematics, engineering, business or some other course of study. Depending upon both the program of study and the university, most majors require 30 to 60 credit hours of coursework for completion.